Volleyball Hitting Drills: Techniques, Importance, Advanced Drills

Volleyball hitting drills are designed to improve attack consistency .Hitting, also known as spiking, is forcefully striking the ball over the net into the opponent’s court. A well-executed spike is challenging to defend, making it a potent offensive weapon.

Hitters, often called “attackers” or “spikers,” are crucial players in any volleyball team. To become a successful hitter, one must develop skills, including jumping ability, timing, power, and precision.

Volleyball Hitting Drills

Essential Drills and Techniques

Volleyball is a fast-paced and exciting game that demands skills, including serving, passing, setting, blocking, and hitting. Additionally, among these skills, hitting or spiking is often considered one of the most thrilling aspects of the game.

Effective hitting can be a game-changer, and it requires not only power but also precision and technique. This guide is very detailed, and it will talk about various volleyball hitting drills that can help you or your team master the art of spiking and become formidable attackers on the court.

This guide will cover various aspects of volleyball hitting:

Importance of Volleyball Hitting Drills

Hitting drills play a pivotal role in developing players’ hitting skills. Here’s why they are essential:

Skill EnhancementHitting drills help players refine their technique, improve their approach, and enhance their overall hitting skills.
ConsistencyConsistent practice of hitting drills builds muscle memory, allowing players to perform well under pressure during actual games.
VersatilityHitting drills cover various types of hits, including power hits, tips, roll shots, and cut shots, make players versatile and unpredictable attackers.
TeamworkPartner and team hitting drills enhance coordination among players and develop trust between setters and hitters.
Game ReadinessRegular practice of hitting drills ensures that players are game-ready, ready to execute well-planned attacks and score points for their team.
Hitting Drills Volleyball

Essential Equipment for Hitting Drills

Before exploring the drills, it is essential to ensure you have the necessary equipment for hitting practice. Here’s what you’ll need:

VolleyballA regulation-size and weight volleyball suitable for practice.
Net and CourtAccess to a volleyball court with a regulation-height net.
SetterA teammate or coach who can assist you by setting the ball for your hits.
Proper ShoesVolleyball shoes or athletic shoes with good traction and ankle support.
KneepadsKneepads to protect your knees during practice.
Water and TowelStay hydrated during practice, and have a towel for sweat.
Spare BallsExtra volleyballs for when one goes out of play.
Essential Equipment for Hitting Drills

Hitting Fundamentals

Before we dive into specific hitting drills, let’s review some fundamental aspects of hitting technique:

  • Approach: A proper hitting process involves a series of steps. To initiate this process, start with a quick three-step approach: left-right-left (for right-handed hitters) or right-left-right (for left-handed hitters). Additionally, the approach should be explosive, with each step increasing in speed.
  • Timing: Timing is crucial in hitting. You need to coordinate your approach with the set so that you make contact with the ball at the peak of your jump.
  • Contact Point: The ideal contact point for hitting is slightly above your dominant hitting hand’s shoulder. Consequently, your hand should contact the ball with a firm wrist and open fingers.
  • Swing and Follow-Through: A successful hit involves a powerful, controlled arm swing followed by a high and wide follow-through. Additionally, your hand should finish high and extended.
  • Placement: Aim to hit different court areas, including deep corners, short corners, and down the line. Moreover, mix up your shots to keep the defense guessing.
Hitting Fundamentals

Now that you know the basics, let’s explore some volleyball-hitting drills.

Individual Hitting Drills

These drills are designed for individual practice and skill development.

Wall Hits

Objective: Improve arm swing and control.

How to Perform:

  • Stand a few feet from a wall with the net’s height marked.
  • Perform your hitting approach and make contact with the wall.
  • Focus on a clean, powerful swing and consistent follow-through.
  • Practice hitting various spots on the wall to work on placement.

Hitting with a Target

Objective: Develop accuracy and placement.

How to Perform:

  • Set up a target on the opposite side of the net. This can be a specific spot on the court or a hanging target.
  • With a setter or coach on the other side, practice hitting the target with different shots (power, tip, roll shot).
  • Focus on consistency and hitting the target with precision.

Footwork and Approach Drills

Objective: Enhance your approach and timing.

How to Perform:

  • Work on your three-step approach, ensuring each step is quick and explosive.
  • Practice your approach without hitting the ball, focusing solely on footwork and timing.
  • Gradually incorporate hitting into the drill, ensuring your strategy aligns with the set.
Individual Volleyball Hitting Drills

Partner Hitting Drills

These drills involve a setter or partner, allowing you to work on coordination and teamwork.

Cross-Court Hitting

Objective: Practice hitting cross-court shots.

How to Perform:

  • Stand at the net with a setter or partner on the other side.
  • Start by hitting cross-court shots to each other.
  • Focus on hitting the ball diagonally and avoiding the blocker’s hands.
  • Work on both power shots and roll shots.

Line Hitting

Objective: Develop the ability to hit down the line.

How to Perform:

  • Set up at the net with your partner on the other side.
  • Alternate between hitting cross-court and down the line.
  • Concentrate on hitting the line shots with precision while avoiding the blocker’s hands.
Partner Hitting Drills

Team Hitting Drills

Team hitting drills involve coordination with your setter and other teammates.

6-on-6 Scrimmages

Objective: Simulate game situations and practice hitting under pressure.

How to Perform:

  • Divide your team into two sides and play a regular 6-on-6 scrimmage.
  • This provides an opportunity to practice hitting against a live defense and work on various hitting techniques in a game-like setting.

Multi-Option Attacks

Objective: Develop versatility and unpredictability in your attacks.

How to Perform:

  • Start with your setter positioned at the net.
  • Practice hitting various sets, such as quick sets, high sets, and back sets.
  • Focus on adjusting your approach and timing to accommodate different sets.
Volleyball Hitting Drills

Advanced Hitting Techniques

Once you’ve mastered the basics, it’s time to explore some advanced hitting techniques.

Slide Attack

The slide attack is a quick and deceptive hit where the hitter approaches behind the setter, taking off from an angle. Additionally, this technique can catch blockers off-guard and is effective for hitting sharp angles.

Quick Sets

Quick sets involve a fast-paced approach and hit. Additionally, hitters must be fast and explosive, working closely with the setter to execute fast attacks that catch the defense by surprise.

Back-Row Attacks

Back-row attacks are hits performed by back-row players. Moreover, these attacks require good timing and a robust approach. Additionally, they are effective for scoring points from the back row.

Advanced Hitting Techniques

Common Hitting Mistakes and How to Correct Them

As you practice hitting, you may encounter some common mistakes. Here are a few and how to correct them:

Common Hitting MistakesDescription
Hitting into the NetIf you consistently hit the net, focus on your timing and approach. Ensure that you contact the ball at the peak of your jump.
Hitting Out of BoundsTo avoid hitting the ball out of bounds, work on your placement and aim. Concentrate on hitting spots within the court.
Inconsistent TimingTiming is crucial in hitting. Practice your approach with a setter to improve your timing and coordination.
Weak Follow-ThroughA strong follow-through is necessary for power and control. Concentrate on extending your hand high and wide after the hit.
Common Hitting Mistakes and How to Correct Them

Incorporating Hitting Drills into Practice

To make the most of your hitting drills, here are some tips for incorporating them into your practice routine:

  • Schedule dedicated hitting sessions to focus on your spiking skills.
  • Mix in various hitting drills to keep practice engaging and challenging.
  • Work with a setter or partner to practice game-like situations.
  • Monitor your progress and make necessary adjustments to your technique.


How can I improve my volleyball hitting?

To get better at hitting in volleyball, work on improving your skill by practicing regularly. Practice your timing, footwork and arm swing, and do special volleyball hitting drills to get better at spiking with strength and accuracy.

How do you hit a volleyball drill without a net?

Hitting a volleyball drill without a net involves focusing on form and technique. Additionally, practice your swings and aim for accuracy, emphasizing controlled movements to enhance skill development.

How do you practice volleyball hits alone?

A wall or a blocker can be used to make it feel like the ball is coming back for solo volleyball hitting practice. Additionally, focus on getting better at your timing, technique, and footwork. Ensure you have a fun solo training session to enhance your hitting skills.

What is a hitting error in volleyball?

In volleyball, a hitting mistake happens when a player fails to make a good attack, which causes the ball to go out of bounds or into the net. Often, it’s because of bad skill, jumping at the wrong time, or guessing wrong about where the ball will go.

Conclusion and Practice Tips

Volleyball hitting is an exciting skill that can make a significant impact on the outcome of a game. To excel as a hitter, consistent practice is essential.

Additionally, incorporate these hitting drills into your training routine, pay attention to your technique, and strive for versatility and precision in your attacks.

Moreover, with dedication and practice, you can become a formidable and dynamic hitter, ready to contribute to your team’s success on the volleyball court. Good luck, and enjoy your journey to mastering the art of spiking.

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