What Is A Carrying In Volleyball: Carrying Vs Lifting

Carrying, in volleyball terms, refers to improperly handling the ball, resulting in a double hit or prolonged contact. It occurs when a player allows the ball to rest in their hands momentarily, leading to violating the rules.

Why Carrying is Penalized

Carrying is penalized in volleyball to maintain the integrity of the game. A clean hit ensures a fair competition where both teams have an equal opportunity to engage in rallies and score points.

Carrying violations discourage players from gaining an unfair advantage through prolonged or improper ball contact.

Carrying in volleyball

Difference Between Carrying And Lifting

CriteriaCarrying In VolleyballLifting In Volleyball
DefinitionInvolves holding or guiding the ball during contact, often resulting in a prolonged and controlled touch.Occurs when the ball remains in contact with a player’s body or hands for an extended period, indicating an improper hits or pass.
Violation ConsequenceResults in a point awarded to the opposing team due to an illegal play.Leads to a violation, with the opposing team gaining a point and regaining possession of the ball.
Commonly Associated withA player attempting to manipulate the ball for deceptive plays or struggling to execute a clean pass.Players trying to lift the ball excessively rather than making a distinct hit, often seen in improper setting.
Referee’s SignalReferee makes a lifting motion with one hand to signal the violation.Referee indicates a carrying violation with a lifting motion using both hands.
Prevention TipsFocus on clean, concise ball contact, and practice proper passing techniques.Emphasize a quick and distinct hit, refining setting skills through targeted drills and exercises.
Carrying VS Lifting
Difference Between Carrying And Lifting

Techniques to Avoid Carrying Violations

Quick and Controlled Contact

The key to avoiding carrying violations lies in executing quick and controlled contact with the ball. Players should focus on making clean hits without allowing the ball to rest in their hands. The goal is to maintain a fluid and continuous motion during ball handling.

Proper Use of Fingers and Wrists

Players should primarily use their fingers and wrists to direct the ball, avoiding excessive contact with the palms. This technique promotes a cleaner hit, minimizing the risk of carrying violations. Using fingers allows for a more precise and controlled interaction with the ball.

Consistent Hand Positioning

Maintaining consistent hand positioning is crucial in preventing carrying violations. Players should be aware of the placement of their hands and strive to create a firm and stable platform for the ball to rebound. This consistency contributes to cleaner ball handling.

Common Challenges and Strategies to Overcome Them

Challenges And StrategiesDescription
Adapting to Off-Center BallsDealing with off-center or unexpected balls can pose a challenge, leading to carrying violations. Players should practice adjusting their hand positioning and body stance to accommodate different ball trajectories. This adaptability is essential for preventing carrying infractions.
Timing and CoordinationCarrying violations can occur when there is a lack of timing and coordination in ball handling. Players should synchronize their movements to meet the ball at the right moment. Timing drills and coordination exercises can help overcome these challenges.
Refining Hand-Eye CoordinationImproving hand-eye coordination is fundamental to clean ball handling. Players can engage in drills that enhance their ability to track the ball and make split-second decisions. Refining hand-eye coordination contributes to more accurate and controlled hits.
Common Challenges and Strategies to Overcome Them

Drills for Improving Clean Ball Handling

Wall Hitting Drill

Hitting the ball against a wall helps players refine their hand-eye coordination and control. The division provides consistent feedback, allowing players to adjust their technique for cleaner hits.

Partner Passing Drill

Engaging in passing drills with a partner allows players to work on their ball-handling skills in a controlled setting. Partners can provide real-time feedback on hand positioning and coordination, facilitating improvement.

Solo Juggling Exercise

Solo juggling exercises with a volleyball help enhance finger strength and control. Players can practice keeping the ball in constant motion using their fingertips, fostering a gentle touch and preventing carrying violations.

Carrying in volleyball

Coaching Strategies for Clean Ball Handling

Coaching StrategiesDescription
Emphasizing Technique Over PowerCoaches should encourage players to prioritize proper technique over power. A well-executed hit with correct hand positioning is more valuable than a forceful hit that may lead to carrying violations.
Providing Real-Time FeedbackCoaches play a crucial role in guiding players toward cleaner ball handling. Providing real-time feedback during practice sessions allows players to make immediate adjustments and reinforces correct techniques.
Incorporating Carrying DrillsIntegrating specific carrying-focused drills into regular training plans is essential. These drills target the nuances of ball handling, allowing players to concentrate on areas that need improvement.

Impact of Carrying Violations on Gameplay

Understanding the consequences of carrying violations is essential for players and coaches alike. Carrying violations results in losing a point and the opportunity for the opposing team to serve.

In a closely contested match, a single carrying infraction can significantly shift the momentum and impact the overall outcome. Players must internalize the importance of clean ball handling to contribute positively to their team’s success.

Impact Of Carrying Violations On Gameplay

Common Misconceptions about Carrying

To further clarify the concept of carrying, it’s crucial to dispel common misconceptions that may arise:

Forceful Hits Are Always Clean

  • Contrary to popular belief, a violent hit doesn’t guarantee a clean play. Players must focus on the technique rather than solely relying on power. A controlled and precise impact is more valuable than a powerful yet improperly handled one.

Referees Are Inconsistent in Calling Carrying Violations

  • While referees interpret carrying violations differently, their decisions are typically based on standardized rules. Understanding and respecting these rules is vital for players to adapt their techniques accordingly.

Evolving Perspectives on Carrying in Volleyball

As the sport evolves, so do perspectives on specific rules, including those related to carrying. Players and coaches should stay informed about any updates or modifications to the rules and adjust their training methods accordingly.

Embracing a mindset of continuous learning and adaptation contributes to a smoother integration of rule changes into gameplay.

Role of Technology in Analyzing Carrying Techniques

Advancements in technology offer valuable tools for players and coaches to analyze and improve carrying techniques. Video analysis allows players to review their performances, identify areas for improvement, and refine their ball-handling skills.

Coaches can utilize this technology to provide targeted feedback and tailor training plans to individual needs.

Role of Technology in Analyzing Carrying Techniques

Mental Resilience in Overcoming Carrying Challenges

Carrying violations can sometimes be a result of mental pressure and anxiety during crucial moments in a match. Players should focus on developing mental resilience to stay calm under pressure.

Visualization exercises, mindfulness practices, and simulated high-pressure scenarios in training can contribute to improved mental composure during games.

Encouraging a Culture of Fair Play

Carrying violations, like any rule infractions, are part of the game. However, players can actively contribute to a culture of fair play by acknowledging and rectifying their mistakes.

Demonstrating sportsmanship by accepting referee decisions and striving for clean plays fosters a positive environment on the court.

Looking Ahead: Future of Carrying in Volleyball

As volleyball evolves, so will its rules. Players, teachers, and officials must accept fair and exciting game adjustments. Volleyball’s future is bright thanks to fair play, continual progress, and a shared love.


How many seconds is a carry in volleyball?

There is no specific time duration for a carry violation in volleyball. It is determined by the referee based on the perceived prolonged or excessive contact with the ball, rather than a set number of seconds.

Are carrying and lifting illegal hits in volleyball?

Yes, carrying and lifting are considered illegal hits in volleyball. Both actions involve improper ball contact, leading to violations that result in points being awarded to the opposing team.

What is the definition of holding in volleyball?

In volleyball, holding refers to an illegal act where a player retains prolonged contact with the ball, impeding its natural and clean play. This violation results in a point awarded to the opposing team.

Is there a 5 second rule in volleyball?

Yes, in volleyball, there is a 5-second rule known as the “5-second violation” or “5-second rule.” It refers to the maximum time a team has to execute a serve or when a player is holding the ball during a serve.


Mastering clean ball handling and avoiding carrying violations is essential for players aiming to excel in volleyball.

Players can elevate their game by understanding the definition of taking, implementing proper techniques, and addressing common challenges through focused drills.

Coaches play a pivotal role in guiding players toward cleaner hits, emphasizing the importance of technique, and providing ongoing feedback.

As players commit to continuous improvement, carrying violations becomes rare, contributing to a spirit of sportsmanship and fair play on the volleyball court.

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